Advanced Oxidation Technology (Ozone-catalyzed by Powder Activated Carbon - Portland Cement) for the Degradation of the Meropenem Antibiotic

Edison Alexander Agudelo, Santiago Alonso Cardona G

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

An advanced oxidation system based on ozone, activated carbon and Portland cement was evaluated for the removal of the beta-lactam antibiotic Meropenem (emerging contaminant, EC). This system was validated with synthetic wastewater with characteristics similar to those of hospital wastewater. The total elimination of the antibiotic and a 90% reduction in the initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) associated with the EC were obtained. The acute toxicity of the water decreased 100% until becoming innocuous for the test microorganisms (E. coli and staphylococcus aureus). A new proposal for an oxidation index was presented which allowed finding a functional relationship between the process variables and the removal efficiency of the Meropenem antibiotic. The results of this investigation showed that the joint use of a pseudo-catalyst such as solid Portland cement (paste), activated carbon powder fixed to an inert glass matrix and ozone, improves the efficiency in the production of hydroxyl radicals when compared to other ozone-based technologies. This conclusion was demonstrated with the oxidation of a test compound (para-chlorobenzoic acid) that allowed determining the amount of hydroxyl radicals formed in the proposed system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-105
Number of pages18
JournalOzone: Science and Engineering
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • activated carbon
  • advanced oxidation
  • Catalytic ozonation
  • hydroxyl radicals
  • oxalic acid
  • ozone
  • pCBA
  • Portland cement

Product types of Colciencias

  • A2 article - Q2

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