TY - JOUR

T1 - A generalized theory for full microtremor horizontal-to-vertical [H/V(z, f)] spectral ratio interpretation in offshore and onshore environments

AU - Lontsi, Agostiny Marrios

AU - García-Jerez, Antonio

AU - Molina-Villegas, Juan Camilo

AU - Sánchez-Sesma, Francisco José

AU - Molkenthin, Christian

AU - Ohrnberger, Matthias

AU - Krüger, Frank

AU - Wang, Rongjiang

AU - Fäh, Donat

N1 - Funding Information:
Our thanks to F. Luzón for his comments and suggestions and to J. E. Plata and G. Sánchez of the USI-Inst. Eng.-UNAM for locating useful references. This work has been partially supported, through the sinergia program, by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant 171017), by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grant CGL2014-59908), by the European Union with ERDF, by DGAPA-UNAM (Project IN100917) and by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) through grant CRC 1294 ‘Data Assimilation’ (Project B04). Constructive comments from the editors Jörg Renner and Jean Virieux, Hiroshi Kawase and two anonymous reviewers helped to improve the quality of the manuscript.
Funding Information:
Our thanks to F. Luz?n for his comments and suggestions and to J. E. Plata and G. S?nchez of the USI-Inst. Eng.-UNAM for locating useful references. This work has been partially supported, through the sinergia program, by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant 171017), by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (grant CGL2014-59908), by the European Union with ERDF, by DGAPA-UNAM (Project IN100917) and by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) through grant CRC 1294 'Data Assimilation' (Project B04). Constructive comments from the editors Jorg Renner and Jean Virieux, Hiroshi Kawase and two anonymous reviewers helped to improve the quality of the manuscript.
Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2019.

PY - 2019/5/2

Y1 - 2019/5/2

N2 - Advances in the field of seismic interferometry have provided a basic theoretical interpretation to the full spectrum of the microtremor horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio [H/V(f)]. The interpretation has been applied to ambient seismic noise data recorded both at the surface and at depth. The new algorithm, based on the diffuse wavefield assumption, has been used in inversion schemes to estimate seismic wave velocity profiles that are useful input information for engineering and exploration seismology both for earthquake hazard estimation and to characterize surficial sediments. However, until now, the developed algorithms are only suitable for on land environments with no offshore consideration. Here, the microtremor H/V(z, f) modelling is extended for applications to marine sedimentary environments for a 1-D layered medium. The layer propagator matrix formulation is used for the computation of the required Green's functions. Therefore, in the presence of a water layer on top, the propagator matrix for the uppermost layer is defined to account for the properties of the water column. As an application example we analyse eight simple canonical layered earth models. Frequencies ranging from 0.2 to 50 Hz are considered as they cover a broad wavelength interval and aid in practice to investigate subsurface structures in the depth range from a few meters to a few hundreds of meters. Results show a marginal variation of 8 per cent at most for the fundamental frequency when a water layer is present. The water layer leads to variations in H/V peak amplitude of up to 50 per cent atop the solid layers.

AB - Advances in the field of seismic interferometry have provided a basic theoretical interpretation to the full spectrum of the microtremor horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratio [H/V(f)]. The interpretation has been applied to ambient seismic noise data recorded both at the surface and at depth. The new algorithm, based on the diffuse wavefield assumption, has been used in inversion schemes to estimate seismic wave velocity profiles that are useful input information for engineering and exploration seismology both for earthquake hazard estimation and to characterize surficial sediments. However, until now, the developed algorithms are only suitable for on land environments with no offshore consideration. Here, the microtremor H/V(z, f) modelling is extended for applications to marine sedimentary environments for a 1-D layered medium. The layer propagator matrix formulation is used for the computation of the required Green's functions. Therefore, in the presence of a water layer on top, the propagator matrix for the uppermost layer is defined to account for the properties of the water column. As an application example we analyse eight simple canonical layered earth models. Frequencies ranging from 0.2 to 50 Hz are considered as they cover a broad wavelength interval and aid in practice to investigate subsurface structures in the depth range from a few meters to a few hundreds of meters. Results show a marginal variation of 8 per cent at most for the fundamental frequency when a water layer is present. The water layer leads to variations in H/V peak amplitude of up to 50 per cent atop the solid layers.

KW - Earthquake hazards

KW - Numerical modelling

KW - Seismic interferometry

KW - Site effects

KW - Theoretical seismology

KW - Wave propagation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075640474&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/gji/ggz223

DO - 10.1093/gji/ggz223

M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:85075640474

VL - 218

SP - 1276

EP - 1297

JO - Geophysical Journal International

JF - Geophysical Journal International

SN - 0956-540X

IS - 2

ER -