Assessing Colombia's policy of socio-economic stratification: An intra-city study of self-reported quality of life

Jorge Chica-Olmo, Angeles Sánchez, Fabio H. Sepúlveda-Murillo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

Resumen

This paper aims to analyse whether the Colombian government's classification of households into socio-economic strata accurately reflects the level of quality of life of households in Medellin. To this end, logit multilevel models and a novel graphic analysis were used. Our findings suggest that the stratification criteria currently used in Medellin should be revised. The socio-economic strata, which only considers the characteristics of the dwellings, streets and surrounding areas, explain approximately one tenth of the variability in self-reported quality of life. When other economic and non-economic factors are considered, a different strata ranking for guiding public policies than that used in Medellin was estimated. Neighbourhood safety and personal safety are key drivers of quality of life, whereas higher consumption expenditure is most effective in the most disadvantaged strata.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo102560
PublicaciónCities
Volumen97
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb 2020

Huella dactilar

social stratum
quality of life
Colombia
stratification
safety
economics
ranking
expenditure
expenditures
public policy
driver
city
socioeconomics
policy
Quality of life
Socio-economics
household
Household
Safety

Citar esto

@article{ea60e0ca34a04ee1ab39eba44e0e5ae4,
title = "Assessing Colombia's policy of socio-economic stratification: An intra-city study of self-reported quality of life",
abstract = "This paper aims to analyse whether the Colombian government's classification of households into socio-economic strata accurately reflects the level of quality of life of households in Medellin. To this end, logit multilevel models and a novel graphic analysis were used. Our findings suggest that the stratification criteria currently used in Medellin should be revised. The socio-economic strata, which only considers the characteristics of the dwellings, streets and surrounding areas, explain approximately one tenth of the variability in self-reported quality of life. When other economic and non-economic factors are considered, a different strata ranking for guiding public policies than that used in Medellin was estimated. Neighbourhood safety and personal safety are key drivers of quality of life, whereas higher consumption expenditure is most effective in the most disadvantaged strata.",
keywords = "Economic resources, Medellin, Multilevel models, Public policies, Self-reported quality of life, Social resources",
author = "Jorge Chica-Olmo and Angeles S{\'a}nchez and Sep{\'u}lveda-Murillo, {Fabio H.}",
year = "2020",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.cities.2019.102560",
language = "Ingl{\'e}s",
volume = "97",
journal = "Cities",
issn = "0264-2751",

}

Assessing Colombia's policy of socio-economic stratification : An intra-city study of self-reported quality of life. / Chica-Olmo, Jorge; Sánchez, Angeles; Sepúlveda-Murillo, Fabio H.

En: Cities, Vol. 97, 102560, 02.2020.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Assessing Colombia's policy of socio-economic stratification

T2 - An intra-city study of self-reported quality of life

AU - Chica-Olmo, Jorge

AU - Sánchez, Angeles

AU - Sepúlveda-Murillo, Fabio H.

PY - 2020/2

Y1 - 2020/2

N2 - This paper aims to analyse whether the Colombian government's classification of households into socio-economic strata accurately reflects the level of quality of life of households in Medellin. To this end, logit multilevel models and a novel graphic analysis were used. Our findings suggest that the stratification criteria currently used in Medellin should be revised. The socio-economic strata, which only considers the characteristics of the dwellings, streets and surrounding areas, explain approximately one tenth of the variability in self-reported quality of life. When other economic and non-economic factors are considered, a different strata ranking for guiding public policies than that used in Medellin was estimated. Neighbourhood safety and personal safety are key drivers of quality of life, whereas higher consumption expenditure is most effective in the most disadvantaged strata.

AB - This paper aims to analyse whether the Colombian government's classification of households into socio-economic strata accurately reflects the level of quality of life of households in Medellin. To this end, logit multilevel models and a novel graphic analysis were used. Our findings suggest that the stratification criteria currently used in Medellin should be revised. The socio-economic strata, which only considers the characteristics of the dwellings, streets and surrounding areas, explain approximately one tenth of the variability in self-reported quality of life. When other economic and non-economic factors are considered, a different strata ranking for guiding public policies than that used in Medellin was estimated. Neighbourhood safety and personal safety are key drivers of quality of life, whereas higher consumption expenditure is most effective in the most disadvantaged strata.

KW - Economic resources

KW - Medellin

KW - Multilevel models

KW - Public policies

KW - Self-reported quality of life

KW - Social resources

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075971968&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.cities.2019.102560

DO - 10.1016/j.cities.2019.102560

M3 - Artículo

AN - SCOPUS:85075971968

VL - 97

JO - Cities

JF - Cities

SN - 0264-2751

M1 - 102560

ER -