Conocimientos, comportamientos y variables psicológicas preventivas del COVID-19 en una muestra colombiana

Andrés Gómez-Acosta, John Alexander Castro Muñoz, Stefano Vinaccia Alpi, Willian Sierra-Barón, Japcy Margarita Quiceno, Diana Marcela Torres

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: Despite the indications suggested in the world to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, the report of psychopathological problems due to SARSCoV-2 infection, as well as morbidity and mortality, increase day after day. Objective: To identify if some psychosocial factors, in interaction with knowledge about symptoms and forms of contagion, can predict preventive behaviors (specific and universal) of COVID-19. M aterials and M ethod: This study was developed with a Colombian sample (n = 788, X = 32.98 years, SD 12.01). The online information was obtained using the EEP-10, EAG, LOT-R, APGAR and ERQ questionnaires for psychological variables, as well as an Ad-Hoc questionnaire about perceptions and protective behaviors against COVID-19, evaluated and accepted by three experts; the reports were analyzed using non-parametric statistics and linear regressions. Results: Knowledge about symptoms and contagion, positive reappraisal, and optimism, in interaction, predict specific contagion prevention practices (R2 = 0.05, p = 0.001), and together with reported stress and their perception of control predict universal healthy behaviors (R2 = 0.11, p = 0.001). Conclusion: It is necessary to strengthen evidence-based interventions to improve the psychosocial factors underlying the described healthy behaviors and the reduction of the probability of developing mental health disorders.

Título traducido de la contribuciónKnowledge, behaviors and preventive psychological variables of COVID-19 in a Colombian sample
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)66-77
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónGaceta Medica de Caracas
Volumen130
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - ene. 2022

Palabras clave

  • COVID-19
  • healthpsychology
  • mental health
  • prevention
  • psychosocial variables

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