This paper reviews the historical background of public relations and its development in Latin America in order to understand the evolution and current state of this profession. The questions are how has the academic study of public relations evolved, and what is the current state of the modern public relations profession in Latin America? The following is an explanation of how the academic development of the public relations profession has taken place. For this purpose, a literature review is conducted and empirical data from the longitudinal study published every two years by the Latin American Communication Monitor (LCM) are analyzed. In this way, we identify historical turning points in public relations education Latin America, key issues for practitioners in the region according to LCM data.