We use empirical sps*d5 tight-binding calculations to determine the effects of compressive biaxial lattice strain, perpendicular to the  crystal direction, in zinc blende GaAs and InAs. Under that approach, we have been able to compute the behavior of quantities such as the average valence band energy, the energy band gap, the conduction band effective mass, and the spin-orbit split-off energy, as functions of the biaxial strain, within a range from 0 to −7%. Expressions governing these dependencies are reported for both materials. With such information at hand it is possible to calculate the variation of the coefficient of conduction band nonparabolicity due to the presence of strain. Also, the outcome for such quantities allows to evaluate the valence band offset in GaAs/InGaAs heterointerfaces as a consequence of the strain appearing from the difference between the lattice constants of the involved materials. Taking advantage of the above mentioned results, we have performed the calculation of confined conduction band states in step-like asymmetric quantum wells of the GaAs/Inx1Ga1-x1As/Inx2Ga1-x2As/GaAs prototype, using a k→⋅p→ formalism that solves the effective mass equation arising from a bi-cuadratic (nonparabolic) dispersion law. We report the calculation of the optical absorption coefficient related with intraband transitions that involve the ground and first excited energy levels. For that purpose, the study takes into account the variation of the layer widths and compositions.
Tipos de productos de Minciencias
- Artículo A1 - Q1