Currently, the large volumes of Sargassum biomass (Sgs) arriving on Caribbean coasts are a problem that must be solved quickly. One alternative is to obtain value-added products from Sgs. In this work, Sgs is demonstrated to be a high-performance Ca - bioadsorbent for phosphate removal by a heat pretreatment at 800 °C that produces biochar. According to XRD analysis, calcined Sgs (CSgs) have a composition of 43.68%, 40.51%, and 8.69% of Ca(OH)2, CaCO3, and CaO, making CSgs a promising material for phosphate removal and recovery. Results demonstrated that CSgs have a high capacity to adsorb P over a wide range of concentrations (25–1000 mg P/L). After P removal, at low P concentration, the adsorbent material is rich in apatite (Ca5(PO4)3OH), and at high P concentration, brushite (CaHPO4•2H2O) was the main P compound. The CSg reached a Qmax of 224.58 mg P/g, which is higher than other high-performance adsorbents reported in the literature. The phosphate adsorption mechanism was dominated by chemisorption, followed by precipitation according to the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The solubility of P (74.5 wt%) in formic acid solution and the water-soluble P (24.8 wt%) for CSgs after P adsorption indicated that the final product presents the potential to be used as fertilizer for acid soils. This biomass's processability and high phosphate adsorption performance for P removal make CSgs a potential material for wastewater treatment, and subsequent use of these residues as fertilizer offers a circular economy solution to this problem.
Tipos de productos de Minciencias
- Artículo A1 - Q1