Thin slender concrete rectangular walls in moderate seismic regions with a single reinforcement layer

Carlos Blandón, Ricardo Bonett

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

Resumen

Some Latin-American countries, including Colombia, Peru, Panamá and the Dominican Republic, have adopted an industrialized system for the construction of buildings using thin slender reinforced concrete walls. The main advantage of this system is that it can increase the construction speed and reduce the use of nonstructural walls, as all architectonical spaces are defined by the structural walls. Additionally, designers tend to use thin structural walls with low steel reinforcement ratios, which is reflected in a reduction of the construction cost. The typical wall section for 6 to 10-story buildings is characterized by a thickness of around 100 mm and a single layer of welded wire mesh acting as longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. Additional reinforcing bars may be placed at the wall edges to increase moment capacity, but in most cases, there are no confined boundary elements along the edges. Despite the system's popularity, experimental data for these types of walls is still scarse. In addition to this, structural walls of low thickness and high aspect ratio with unconfined or poorly confined boundary elements have shown structural deficiencies in the 2010 Central Valley Chile earthquake. In this paper, existing and new experimental data from representative thin slender walls, used in moderate seismic regions, was analyzed to evaluate the structural system under lateral loads. Two unconfined reinforced concrete walls with typical section detailing were tested. Additionally, these tests were complemented with an experimental database of 28 rectangular wall units of thickness less than 100 mm, as reported in the literature. This data was used to analyze the behavior of rectangular thin slender walls in terms of axial load ratio, boundary elements conditions, plastic hinge length, and maximum drift capacity. The experimental data shows a significant reduction in drift capacity as axial load, clear interstory height to wall thickness ratio, or wall length increases. It is also evident that plasticity is concentrated at the base of the walls, mainly due to the low vertical reinforcement ratios. Finally, a capacity vs. demand stochastic analysis was carried out to evaluate the performance of buildings up to 10 stories in a moderate seismic zone. These analyses show that for moderate seismic regions the probability of reaching a severe damage limit state is low for buildings configured with rectangular walls having a single layer of reinforcement.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo101035
PublicaciónJournal of Building Engineering
Volumen28
DOI
EstadoPublicada - mar 2020

Huella dactilar

Reinforcement
Concretes
Axial loads
Reinforced concrete
Hinges
Plasticity
Aspect ratio
Earthquakes
Wire
Plastics
Steel
Costs

Citar esto

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title = "Thin slender concrete rectangular walls in moderate seismic regions with a single reinforcement layer",
abstract = "Some Latin-American countries, including Colombia, Peru, Panam{\'a} and the Dominican Republic, have adopted an industrialized system for the construction of buildings using thin slender reinforced concrete walls. The main advantage of this system is that it can increase the construction speed and reduce the use of nonstructural walls, as all architectonical spaces are defined by the structural walls. Additionally, designers tend to use thin structural walls with low steel reinforcement ratios, which is reflected in a reduction of the construction cost. The typical wall section for 6 to 10-story buildings is characterized by a thickness of around 100 mm and a single layer of welded wire mesh acting as longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. Additional reinforcing bars may be placed at the wall edges to increase moment capacity, but in most cases, there are no confined boundary elements along the edges. Despite the system's popularity, experimental data for these types of walls is still scarse. In addition to this, structural walls of low thickness and high aspect ratio with unconfined or poorly confined boundary elements have shown structural deficiencies in the 2010 Central Valley Chile earthquake. In this paper, existing and new experimental data from representative thin slender walls, used in moderate seismic regions, was analyzed to evaluate the structural system under lateral loads. Two unconfined reinforced concrete walls with typical section detailing were tested. Additionally, these tests were complemented with an experimental database of 28 rectangular wall units of thickness less than 100 mm, as reported in the literature. This data was used to analyze the behavior of rectangular thin slender walls in terms of axial load ratio, boundary elements conditions, plastic hinge length, and maximum drift capacity. The experimental data shows a significant reduction in drift capacity as axial load, clear interstory height to wall thickness ratio, or wall length increases. It is also evident that plasticity is concentrated at the base of the walls, mainly due to the low vertical reinforcement ratios. Finally, a capacity vs. demand stochastic analysis was carried out to evaluate the performance of buildings up to 10 stories in a moderate seismic zone. These analyses show that for moderate seismic regions the probability of reaching a severe damage limit state is low for buildings configured with rectangular walls having a single layer of reinforcement.",
keywords = "Buckling, Cyclic behavior, Reinforced concrete, Slender wall, Thin wall, Welded wire mesh",
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Thin slender concrete rectangular walls in moderate seismic regions with a single reinforcement layer. / Blandón, Carlos; Bonett, Ricardo.

En: Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 28, 101035, 03.2020.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

TY - JOUR

T1 - Thin slender concrete rectangular walls in moderate seismic regions with a single reinforcement layer

AU - Blandón, Carlos

AU - Bonett, Ricardo

PY - 2020/3

Y1 - 2020/3

N2 - Some Latin-American countries, including Colombia, Peru, Panamá and the Dominican Republic, have adopted an industrialized system for the construction of buildings using thin slender reinforced concrete walls. The main advantage of this system is that it can increase the construction speed and reduce the use of nonstructural walls, as all architectonical spaces are defined by the structural walls. Additionally, designers tend to use thin structural walls with low steel reinforcement ratios, which is reflected in a reduction of the construction cost. The typical wall section for 6 to 10-story buildings is characterized by a thickness of around 100 mm and a single layer of welded wire mesh acting as longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. Additional reinforcing bars may be placed at the wall edges to increase moment capacity, but in most cases, there are no confined boundary elements along the edges. Despite the system's popularity, experimental data for these types of walls is still scarse. In addition to this, structural walls of low thickness and high aspect ratio with unconfined or poorly confined boundary elements have shown structural deficiencies in the 2010 Central Valley Chile earthquake. In this paper, existing and new experimental data from representative thin slender walls, used in moderate seismic regions, was analyzed to evaluate the structural system under lateral loads. Two unconfined reinforced concrete walls with typical section detailing were tested. Additionally, these tests were complemented with an experimental database of 28 rectangular wall units of thickness less than 100 mm, as reported in the literature. This data was used to analyze the behavior of rectangular thin slender walls in terms of axial load ratio, boundary elements conditions, plastic hinge length, and maximum drift capacity. The experimental data shows a significant reduction in drift capacity as axial load, clear interstory height to wall thickness ratio, or wall length increases. It is also evident that plasticity is concentrated at the base of the walls, mainly due to the low vertical reinforcement ratios. Finally, a capacity vs. demand stochastic analysis was carried out to evaluate the performance of buildings up to 10 stories in a moderate seismic zone. These analyses show that for moderate seismic regions the probability of reaching a severe damage limit state is low for buildings configured with rectangular walls having a single layer of reinforcement.

AB - Some Latin-American countries, including Colombia, Peru, Panamá and the Dominican Republic, have adopted an industrialized system for the construction of buildings using thin slender reinforced concrete walls. The main advantage of this system is that it can increase the construction speed and reduce the use of nonstructural walls, as all architectonical spaces are defined by the structural walls. Additionally, designers tend to use thin structural walls with low steel reinforcement ratios, which is reflected in a reduction of the construction cost. The typical wall section for 6 to 10-story buildings is characterized by a thickness of around 100 mm and a single layer of welded wire mesh acting as longitudinal and transverse reinforcement. Additional reinforcing bars may be placed at the wall edges to increase moment capacity, but in most cases, there are no confined boundary elements along the edges. Despite the system's popularity, experimental data for these types of walls is still scarse. In addition to this, structural walls of low thickness and high aspect ratio with unconfined or poorly confined boundary elements have shown structural deficiencies in the 2010 Central Valley Chile earthquake. In this paper, existing and new experimental data from representative thin slender walls, used in moderate seismic regions, was analyzed to evaluate the structural system under lateral loads. Two unconfined reinforced concrete walls with typical section detailing were tested. Additionally, these tests were complemented with an experimental database of 28 rectangular wall units of thickness less than 100 mm, as reported in the literature. This data was used to analyze the behavior of rectangular thin slender walls in terms of axial load ratio, boundary elements conditions, plastic hinge length, and maximum drift capacity. The experimental data shows a significant reduction in drift capacity as axial load, clear interstory height to wall thickness ratio, or wall length increases. It is also evident that plasticity is concentrated at the base of the walls, mainly due to the low vertical reinforcement ratios. Finally, a capacity vs. demand stochastic analysis was carried out to evaluate the performance of buildings up to 10 stories in a moderate seismic zone. These analyses show that for moderate seismic regions the probability of reaching a severe damage limit state is low for buildings configured with rectangular walls having a single layer of reinforcement.

KW - Buckling

KW - Cyclic behavior

KW - Reinforced concrete

KW - Slender wall

KW - Thin wall

KW - Welded wire mesh

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